Both Trump and Brexit represent to some extent this triumph of authenticity over reason. It does not seem to matter that Trump is a billionaire who will cut taxes for the rich; what matters is that he speaks to the middle classes in the same contemptuous tones as the common man. Never mind those centrist politicians say that Brexit may result in thousands of job losses as we’ve seen with companies like Goldman Sachs threatened to cut 3000 jobs in the Uk. Now how does this relate to word la pen you may ask?
La pen stands for Marion Anne Perrine Le Pen. To begin to understand Marine le pen, we have to understand Jean-Marie le pen and the aim of the national front. The National Front is a right-wing populist and nationalist political party in France founded by Jean-Marie le pen. Its major policies include economic protectionism, a zero tolerance approach to law and order issues, and opposition to mass immigration. As anti-European Union party, the FN has opposed the European Union since its creation. Most political commentators place the FN on the far-right but other sources suggest that the party’s position on the political spectrum has become more difficult to clearly define.
His progression in the late 1980s just like Nigel or Donald in a recent day is known as the “Lepénisation des esprits” or “Le Pen-isation” of spirits due to its noticeable effect on mainstream political opinion. Le Pen focuses on issues related to immigration to France, the European Union, traditional culture and values, law and order and France’s high rate of unemployment. He advocated immigration restrictions, raising incentives for homemakers, and Euroscepticism just like current political ideology. His controversial speeches and his integration into public life have made him a figure who polarized opinion, considered as the “Devil of the Republic” among his opponents or as the “last samurai in politics” among his supporters.
His progress to the second round in the 21 April 2002 presidential election left its mark on French public life, and the “21st of April” is now a frequently used expression in France. His longevity in politics and his five attempts to become president of France have made him a major figure in French political life. He was expelled from the party by his daughter Marine Le Pen on 20 August 2015 after new controversial statements and found himself marginalized in the French political landscape.
Le Pen joined the National Front in 1986 and has been elected as a regional councilor (1998–present), a Member of European Parliament (2004–present), and a municipal councilor in Hénin-Beaumont (2008-2011). She was a candidate for the leadership of the FN in 2011 and won with 67.65% (11,546 votes) of the vote, defeating her opponent Bruno Gollnisch and succeeding her father Jean-Marie Le Pen, president of the party for nearly forty years.She then became the second president of the party. In 2012, she placed third in the presidential election with 17.90% of the vote, behind François Hollande and Nicolas Sarkozy.
While her father was nicknamed the “Devil of the Republic” by mainstream media, Marine Le Pen pursued a policy of “de-demonization” of the party by softening its image. She endeavored to extract it from its far-right cultural roots, and to normalize it by giving it a culture of government, expelling controversial members like her father, who was suspended, and then expelled from his own party in 2015 after he referred, once again, to the Nazi gas chambers as “a point of detail of the history of the Second World War“; he later set up the Blue, White and Red Rally.
Now onto Marine, since her election as the leader of the party in 2011, the popularity of the FN continued to grow apace: the party won several municipalities at the 2014 municipal elections; it became the first French party at the 2014 European elections with 25% of the votes, and again in the last departmental elections in France. They, once again, came out in 1st place in the last regional elections with a historic result of nearly 28% of the votes. Marine Le Pen would lead the first round of the 2017 presidential elections, according to various polls. As of 2015, the National front led by Marie has established itself as one of the largest political forces in France.
It’s the kind of firebrand ideology that has led experts to suggest the 46-year-old former lawyer who has been nicknamed the ‘devil’s daughter’, will benefit long-term from the terrorist attacks and could have a shot at the top job.
“She’s done this job of speaking for the ordinary person,” said Monash University’s politics and international relations lecturer, Dr. Ben Wellings.
“She’s got that balance of being in politics but not being an ordinary politician. Pauline Hanson is an obvious comparison. She’s got the image of her father which is perhaps a benefit but also a bit of risk as well. She does seem more politically astute than Pauline Hanson was.”
EU has a common defense and security policy, Britain doesn’t share a land border with anyone so that doesn’t affect us, but France how will they negotiate security terms with EU countries that are favorable to them if they leave the EU.Plus no one else in the world will listen to France without the EU they’re not big enough
She is a strong opponent of the Euro and advocates France to leave the common currency.
She claims that the implementation of the Euro entailed a rise in prices and its abandonment would lead to an increase in purchasing power.Quoting economic data from Eurostat (annual average growth, unemployment, GDP gap), she notes that “the European countries which did not enter the euro display higher performances than countries in the eurozone for ten years”.Interviewed in October 2011 by Adam Boulton on Sky News, she cited the UK’s relative stability as an example of how France’s economy need not suffer from pulling out of the euro. She noticed that “The United Kingdom is not in the Eurozone and does not have the least desire to be in it. The UK does not tolerate this kind of taking away from its freedom”.
In order to recover monetary sovereignty, she advocates that France should gradually leave the euro with a new conversion rate fixed to 1 euro = 1 franc. In her view, France should jointly negotiate a “grouped departure” from the euro and Eurozone. This departure should take effect on the same day and include the other European countries (such as Ireland, Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Belgium) which are suffering because of the single currency.Since the present government and the whole political class had strongly criticized her economic plan, she submitted a new document detailing how a successful departure of United Kingdom, Spain, and Italy from the European Monetary System (EMS) had been achieved from September 1992.
Now with all this detail why is she so significant? She stands for this new authenticity over reason approach being perpetuated and globalized by the Russians.This is according to claims made not just Samantha power but the most senior members of the government. With more elections to come we wait to see the outcome. Will there be a new world order or will it return to the way it was?